The J.K. Organization is a group of companies with headquarters in Delhi and run by the Singhania family which rose to prominence in Kanpur, under Lala Kamlapatji, a fighter for Indian independence who burnt up his stock of English cloth on the call of Mahatma Gandhi during his "Satyagrah" call against British rule. Kamlapatji also set up the Uttar Pradesh Chamber of Commerce. The name JK is derived from the initials of Kamlapatji (1884-1937) and his father Seth Juggilal (1857-1922). The group was founded in 1918.
The group rose to importance in the 1960s and 1970s when it occupied the third position as an industrial conglomerate after the Birla and Tata conglomerates. The family is currently divided into three main groups headed by 3 patriarchs namely Dr. Gaur Hari Singhania based in Kanpur, Late Shri Hari Shankar Singhania based in Delhi and Shri Vijaypat Singhania, based in Mumbai. These three patriarchs are first cousins who now run independent businesses.
The Kanpur family runs J.K. Cements & J.K. Techno Soft. The Delhi family runs J.K. Tyres, J.K. Papers, J.K. Lakshmi Cement, Fenner India & J.K. Risk Managers & Insurance Brokers. The Mumbai family runs the Raymonds group of companies. To maintain the family history and legacy, these various independent and publically owned companies are operational in India. All these listed companies subscribe to the J.K. Group Logo.
The oldest male member of the generation in power by tradition becomes the President of the JK Group (The Association of Trade unions) and allots the individual logo(s) to companies run by various family members as and when they apply for membership and pay an annual fee for the same. It is pertinent to note that these three different units are technically and legally separate entities and have no cross holdings and have no common directors and employees except for the shared family history.